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Ectopic pregnancy: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

An ectopic pregnancy is the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus, in one of the fallopian tubes.
Ectopic pregnancy symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Ectopic pregnancy: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Fallopian tubes If an egg is stuck in it, it does not become a baby and your health may be at risk if the pregnancy continues.

it is not possible to save the pregnancy and It needs to be removed with medication or surgery.

In the UK, about one in 90 pregnancies is ectopic. That's about 11,000 pregnancies a year.

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy :

An ectopic pregnancy does not always cause symptoms and can only be detected during a routine test during pregnancy.

If you have symptoms, they tend to develop between weeks 4 and 12 of pregnancy.

  • Symptoms can be a combination of:


  1. other signs of pregnancy.
  2. Abdominal pain on 1 side down.
  3. vaginal brown or watery discharge.
  4. Pain in the shoulder.
  5. Complaints during urination or.
  6. But these symptoms are not necessarily a sign of a serious problem, Sometimes they can be caused by other problems, such as a stomach error.

When to receive medical advice:

Talk to your GP if you have a combination of any of the above symptoms and maybe pregnant even if you have not had a positive pregnancy test.

An ectopic pregnancy can be serious, so it is important to seek immediate advice.

Your family doctor will ask about the symptoms and should usually have a pregnancy test to determine if you might have an ectopic pregnancy.

They can be referred to a specialized clinic in early pregnancy for further evaluation, where an ultrasound and blood test can be performed to confirm the diagnosis.

When to receive emergency assistance:


  1. acute, sudden, and severe pain in the abdomen.
  2. dizziness or impotence.
  3. feel bad.
  4. looks very pale.


These symptoms could mean that the opiate has separated (broken), it is very serious and surgery to repair the opiate should be performed as soon as possible.

A fracture can be life-threatening, but fortunately, they are unusual and treatable if treated quickly, fracture deaths are extremely rare in the UK.

How to treat ectopic pregnancy:

There are three main treatments for ectopic pregnancy:

Drugs - an injection of a powerful drug called methotrexate is used to stop pregnancy growth surgery - keyhole surgery (laparoscopy) is performed under general anesthesia to remove the fertilized egg, usually with affected opium.

You will be informed of the benefits and risks of each option, in many cases, a particular treatment based on the symptoms and test results you have is recommended.

Some treatments may reduce the chances of natural thinking in the future, although most women will still be able to get pregnant, talk to your doctor.

Help and support after ectopic pregnancy:

Losing a pregnancy can be devastating, and many women feel the same sense of pain as if they had lost a family member or partner.

It is not uncommon for these feelings to last several months, although they usually improve over time, make sure you give yourself and your partner time to cry.

These include:


  1. The Ectopic Pregnancy Trust.
  2. Foundation for Ectopic Pregnancy.
  3. The Abortion Association.

Looking for another child:

 if you and your partner feel physically and emotionally prepared, It is advisable to try for another child.

You will probably be advised to wait until you have had at least 2 periods after treatment before trying again to allow you to recover.

If you have been treated with methotrexate, it is generally recommended to wait at least 3 months as the medicine could harm your child if you become pregnant during this time.

Most women who have had an ectopic pregnancy will be able to become pregnant again, even if an opiate has been removed.

Overall, 65% of women achieve a successful pregnancy within 18 months of an ectopic pregnancy. Occasionally, you may need to use fertility treatment such as IVF.

The chances of another ectopic pregnancy are higher if you previously had one, but the risk is still low (about 10%).

If you get pregnant again, it's a good idea to inform your GP as soon as possible so that early scans can be done to make sure everything is okay.

What can cause an ectopic pregnancy?

In many cases, it is unclear why a woman has an ectopic pregnancy. Sometimes it occurs when there is a problem with the opiates, as if they are narrow or blocked.

All of the following are associated with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy:


  • Inflammatory pelvic disease (PID) – inflammation of the female reproductive system, usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI).


  • prior to ectopic pregnancy – the risk of further ectopic pregnancy is approximately 10%.
  • previous operations in the opiopiations, such as a failed female sterilization procedure.
  • Fertility treatment, such as in vitro fertilization, taking drugs to stimulate ovulation (the release of ice) can increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
  • You become pregnant while using an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) for contraception – it is rare to get pregnant while you are using it, but if you do, you are more likely to be an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Smoking.
  • Age increase - the risk is higher for pregnant women aged 35 to 40 years.
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