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How female sterilization is carried out and facts about it !

Female sterilization is an operation to permanently prevent pregnancy, opium is blocked or sealed to prevent eggs from reaching sperm and being fertilized.
How female sterilisation is carried out and facts about it

How female sterilization is carried out and facts about it

Depending on the method used, you will have a general anesthetic where you sleep during the operation or local anesthesia where you would wake up but not feel any pain.

At a Glance: Facts about female sterilization

Female sterilization is more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
You don't have to think about protecting yourself from pregnancy every time you have sex, so don't interrupt your sex life.
It does not affect hormone levels and will still have periods.
You should use contraceptives until you have the operation, and until the next period or for 3 months after the operation (depending on the type of sterilization).

As with any operation, there is a low risk of complications, such as internal bleeding, infections, or damage to other organs.

There is a low risk that the operation will not work, Locked pipes can rejoin immediately or years later.

If the operation fails, this may increase the risk of fertilized egg implanted outside the uterus (ectopic pregnancy).

Sterilization is very difficult to reverse, so make sure it's right for you.

Sterilization doesn't protect against sexually transmitted infections (STS), so you may also need to use condoms.

How does this work:

Female sterilization prevents eggs from wandering through the fallopian tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus.

This means that a woman's eggs cannot hit sperm, so fertilization cannot take place.

Eggs continue to be released from the ovaries as usual but are naturally absorbed into the woman's body.

How female sterilization is performed:

Your surgeon blocks the ousopiate tubes (tube closure) of:

Clip Application - Plastic or titanium clamps close through ice reopies.
Application rings – a small toopian ring is pulled through a silicone ring and then blocked
Ligation, cut and remove a small piece of opiate
This is a fairly small operation and many women come home the same day.

To receive the pipes:

The surgeon accesses the opium tubes by making a small incision near the abdominal button (laparoscopy) or just above the base of the pubic hair (a mini-laparotomy).

You will then use a long, thin instrument with a light and a camera (a laparoscope) to clearly see your opium tubes.

Laparoscopy is usually used because it is faster, but a mini-laparotomy may be recommended for women who:

have recently undergone abdominal or pelvic surgery are obese a history of inflammatory diseases of the pelvis, a bacterial infection that can affect the uterus and fallopian tubes.

Opioids are blocked by applying clips or rings or joining, cutting, and removing a small piece of the tube.

Pipe Removal (salpingectomy):

If the opiate blockage did not work, the tubes can be completely removed. This is called a salpingectomy.

Is sterilization right for me?

Almost all women can be sterilized, but they should only be considered by women who no longer want children or do not want children.

Once you've sterilized, it's very difficult to reverse it, so consider all options before making your decision.

Sterilization reversal is generally not available in NHS service.

If you are over 30 years old and have children, you are more likely to be accepted for the operation.

Before the operation:

Your family doctor may recommend counseling before postponing it for sterilization.

The Council gives you the opportunity to discuss the operation in detail and to discuss any questions, concerns, or questions you may have.

If you have a partner, discuss with them before deciding, if possible, both should accept the procedure, but it is not a legal requirement to obtain your partner's permission.

Your GP may refuse to perform the procedure or refuse to address it if you do not believe it is in your best interest.

You should use contraceptives before the day of surgery and until your next period after surgery if you have blocked your opium cings.

Before you have surgery, you'll receive a pregnancy test to make sure you're not pregnant, because after sterilization there's a high risk of pregnancy becoming ectopic.

Restore after operation:

You will be allowed to return home, once you have recovered from the anesthesia, you will be in the bathroom and have dinner.

If you leave the hospital within hours of the operation, take a taxi, or have a family member or friend pick you up.

The medical staff treating you at the hospital will tell you what to expect and how to take care of yourself after the operation.

You can provide a contact number to call if you have any problems or questions.

If you have had a general anesthetic, do not drive for 48 hours afterward, Even if you feel good, your reaction and judgment times can't go back to normal.

How you'll feel:

It's normal to feel unwell and a little uncomfortable if you've had a general anesthetic, and you may need to rest for a few days.

Depending on your overall health and work, you can usually work again 5 days after locking the hoses, but avoid lifting heavy loads for about a week.

You may have mild vaginal bleeding. Use a sanitary towel instead of a tampon until this has stopped.

You may also feel a little pain, such as period pain, you can take painkillers for it.

Pay attention to the wound:

If you had tube occlusion, you will have a stab where the surgeon has made the cut.

Points must be removed in a follow-up appointment unless solvenbles have been used.

If there is a bandage on the wound, you can usually remove it the day after the operation. After that, you can take a bath or a shower.

Sex:

Your sex drive and sex life should not be affected, you can have sex as soon as you want to do it after surgery.

If you have had tubenocclus, use additional contraceptives until the first period to protect yourself from pregnancy.

Sterilization doesn't protect against sexually transmitted infections (STS), so you may need to use condoms.

Pros and cons of female sterilization Advantages:

99% effective in the prevention of pregnancy.
Blocking opium tubes and removing the tubes should be effective immediately, but use contraception until the next period.
it won't affect your sex drive or interfere with sex.
hormone levels.

  • Disadvantages:

does not protect against the handle, so you may need to use condoms.
it is not easy to undo, and reversals are rarely funded by the NHS.
can fail – fallopian tubes can rejoin and make you fertile again, although this is rare.
there is a very low risk of complications, including internal bleeding, infections, or damage to other organs.
If you become pregnant after surgery, there is an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy.

Where to learn more about sterilization

For more information about sterilization, contact:


  1. Gp operations.
  2. contraceptive clinics.
  3. Medical Clinics or Genitourinary Medicine (GUM).
  4. services for young people.
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