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Male Reproductive System: The Organs and Functions

The male reproductive system in humans is a  functional system that adapts flexibly to changes in the state of the external environment and the organism itself.
Male Reproductive System The Organs and Functions

Male reproductive system: organs and functions

However, a human reproductive system is a complex of organs responsible for reproduction and reproduction; The male reproductive system has a simpler structure than the reproductive system of women.

Specific reproductive characteristics characterize the general sex of a person, female and male reproductive systems have functional and anatomical differences.

The organs of the reproductive system:

Male reproductive organs are intended for the reproduction and maturation of male reproductive cells (spermatoloids), excretion as part of seminal fluid (sperm), and formation of male sex hormones (androgens), male genitalia is determined internally and externally.

Male internal genitalia is testicles with appendages, additives, sperm vesicles, central prostate, and external tubers (Cooper), external; Genitals - penis, and scrotum.

internal organs of the male reproductive system: 

As a woman, most of the male reproductive system is in it. 

The prostate:

The prostate is the prostate, which is responsible for the function of secretion, is involved in the construction and transmission of 6541s sperm.

It is also an obstacle to entering infections in the upper urinary tract and returning to the testicles, the prostate is located behind the rectum and in front of the pubic joint, which consists mainly of prostate glands with connective tissue.

The prostate produces sperm, a component of sperm that gives it an odor and participates in cellular metabolism, it also produces hormones and prostate juice.

The prostate connects to other organs in the male reproductive system, adrenal glands, pituitary glands, and thyroid gland.


In the appendages occurs one of the processes of spermatogenesis - maturation occurs.

Here the sperm builds up and stays until the time of the rash. Sperm grows and matures in the appendages for about 14 days after which they can perform their direct function - fertilize the female egg.

Seed bubbles:

Sperm blisters are a twin organ for which sperm channels are suitable. With sperm channels, sperm bubbles form ejaculation tubes, seed bubbles carry bladder secretion of sperm and perform a mysterious function to nourish sperm.

The Vas:

Vas deferens is an organ along with an active muscle membrane that is responsible for sperm transport, It consists of 4 parts.

Ejaculation rooms:

Ejaculation lines - remove sperm from the urethra for ejaculation.

cooperating or bulbourethral glands:

The Cooper or bulbourethral glands perform exocrine function in perineal muscle tissue consisting of parts of Lobar.

They produce a secret of viscous mucus that gives sperm a special flavor and promotes unhindered transport of sperm through the urethra, this secret contains alkaline enzymes that neutralize urine residues in the urethra.

external male reproductive structures:

External origins make up most of the size of the male reproductive system and are located outside the body, the external collection consisting of penis, scrotum, and scrotum.

The penis:

The penis is an organ used to remove urine and seminal fluid. Distinguish the front thickened part, i.e. the head, center, body, and back, root. On the head of the penis is the outer opening of the urethra, there is a narrowing between the body and the head - the neck of the head.

We call the upper front surface of the penis body backwards, and the root of the penis is attached to the pubis.

The penis is covered in skin and consists of three cylindrical bodies: two paired are called hollow organs, and an unmatched mass is called soft mass, the urethra passes through the porous body, which has an expansion on the head - the trunk well.

The scrotum:

The scrotum is a lot of muscle skin that is present for the testicles with appendages and for the first sections of the semen cord. It is located below and behind the root of the penis, formed by the anterior abdominal wall lump and consists of the same layers, A seam runs along the axis of the center line of the scrotum – from the lower surface of the penis to the annual surface of the penis.

The skin of the scrotum is curved, thin, pigmented, elastic, covered with scattered hair, equipped with sweat and sebaceous glands.

The scrotum forms a "physiological thermostat" that keeps the temperature of the testicles at a lower level (32-34 degrees C) than body temperature, which is a necessary condition for normal spermatogenesis.

The testicles:

The testicles are the paired organ of the male reproductive system, which is located in the scrotum. Paired male testicles or gondes are asymmetrical and slightly different in size, so they are not compressed when walking or sitting.

As a rule, the right testicle is slightly higher than the left testicle, The epididymis and sperm cord are attached to the back of the testicle; from above, a white fiber membrane surrounds the testes, hormones, and sperm.

How a man's reproductive system works:

Male reproductive organs work together to produce sperm during sex and release them into the female reproductive system, The male reproductive system also produces sex hormones that help the child become a sexually mature person during puberty.

 Luteinizing hormones (LH) and follicular stimulants (FSH) come from the pituitary gland – the gland, which is located at the base of the brain, FSH triggers sperm production, LH stimulates testosterone synthesis.

Testosterone is necessary for sperm production as well as the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics: an increase in muscle mass, growth of body hair according to male type, sexual desire for women, low voice, etc.

During ejaculation, sperm from the appendix moves through the urethra in the penis. Sperm can contain up to 400 million sperm, And only one of them will be able to fertilize the egg (with the exception of several pregnancies), as soon as the sperm hits the egg in the opiate, it feeds and forms a zygote.

However, in some men, already at the age of 40-50, testosterone levels decrease, and Shesperi sperm production decreases, This often happens in the context of chronic diseases such as diabetes.
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