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preconception care How to Prepare Body for Pregnancy !

preconception care is a chance for you and your partner to improve your health before you try to have a child.
preconception care How to Prepare Body for Pregnancy !

preconception care can be helpful if:

  1. You want to know how a disease such as diabetes or epilepsy may affect your pregnancy.
  2. you're having difficulty getting pregnant.
  3. There is a risk that you can pass on a genetic disease, such as sickle cell anemia or thalassemia, to your baby.
  4. Plan ahead to plan and care in advance before you try to have a baby.
  5. You will increase your chances of getting pregnant if you and your partner are healthy, Poor nutrition, being overweight or obese, smoking, alcohol, and unhealthy working conditions can affect sperm quality and prevent pregnancy from occurring.

  • If you need advice about preconception care before you try to have a baby, your family doctor or midwife can give you more information, Some office nurses, health visitors, family planning clinics, and well-woman clinics also offer preconception care.

some preconception care topics :

  • Alcohol abuse :
Women who drink heavily (five or more drinks at a time for five days or more in the last 30 days) have a higher risk of heart and liver complications, Any amount of alcohol consumed by pregnant women also puts the fetus at risk for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). 

Patients should be educated that prenatal alcohol abuse is a preventable cause of birth defects, including mental retardation and neurodevelopmental disorders, It is recommended that women receive prior counseling on these effects.

  • Domestic violence :

Trauma, whether accidental or intentional, is the leading cause of death in women of childbearing age.5 Violence often begins during pregnancy and, if already present, may intensify and continue in the postnatal period. It is recommended that women be examined at least quarterly if bruises, unlikely injuries, or depressed mood are detected.

  • Drug abuse :

The use of illegal drugs and alcohol during pregnancy has adverse effects on the newborn, These children are at risk for neurodevelopmental disorders and poor health.

  • Folic acid :

Neural tube defects (NTDs) such as anencephaly and spina bifida have a multifactorial origin, but their etiology can often cause abnormalities in homocysteine metabolism that can be corrected with dietary folic acid preparations. 

The first occurrence of NTDs can be reduced if women of childbearing age take 0.4 mg of folic acid per day, both before conception and during the first trimester of pregnancy.
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