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Contraception (conception prevention) is an approach to forestall pregnancy, and there is an assortment of techniques accessible.
types of contraception

What is contraception?

Different types of birth control are suitable for different people, and factors such as your age when you smoke, your family, and your medical history, and if you take medications, they will affect the contraception you should take.

You should also consider whether or not you want hormone-based contraceptives, if you want some kind of long-acting contraceptive (effective contraception for a long period of time without having to do anything every day or before sex) or if you want a permanent form of contraception.

Everyone will have different preferences when it comes to contraception, so take the time to explore your options.

Here you will find information about the different types of contraceptives available, how they work, and what their pros and cons are.

Combined Pill:

Many people are familiar with the combination pill, which is an oral contraceptive method (a tablet you swallow). The combined pill contains the hormones estrogen and progesterone and works primarily by preventing your body from releasing an egg (ovulation).

It is approximately 92% effective.
Benefits of the combined pill.
Doesn't interrupt sex.
It usually makes bleeding regular, lighter, and less painful.
Reduces the risk of ovarian, uterine, and colorectal cancer.
It can reduce PMS symptoms.
It can reduce acne.
Can protect against inflammatory diseases of the pelvis.
May reduce the risk of fibroids, ovarian cysts, and non-cancerous breast disease.
You may have side effects such as headaches, nausea, chest tenderness, and mood swings (if these don't go after a few months, it can help switch to another pill).

Bleeding and rupture stains can occur in the first few months.
It has been linked to an increased risk of certain serious health conditions, such as thrombosis (blood clots), breast cancer, cervical cancer, and a rare form of liver cancer.

Progestin Pill (POP, Mini Pill).
The smaller than normal pill is a sort of oral preventative that contains just the hormone progesterone. This can be helpful if you cannot take estrogen, for example, if:


  1. She's pregnant
  2. Smoke and 35 years or older
  3. quitting less than a year ago and are 35 years old or older.
  4. They're overweight.
  5. Take certain medications (talk to your doctor).
  6. It works by thickening the mucus in the cervix and depending on the type of mini pill, it can stop ovulation.
  7. It is approximately 92% effective.

Advantages of the mini pill:


  1. Doesn't interrupt sex.
  2. It can be used when breastfeeding.
  3. It's a good alternative if you can't take the hormone estrogen
  4. Can be used at any age.
  5. You can use it if you smoke.
  6. It can reduce PMS symptoms and painful periods.
  7. You can make your period easier, or stop it altogether.

Disadvantages of the mini pill:


  1. It can make your period irregular or more frequent.
  2. You can earn points between periods.
  3. It doesn't secure against STIs.
  4. You should remember to take it every day at the same time.
  5. Some medications, such as some antibiotics, may make it less effective.

It can have symptoms, including:


  1. Acne.
  2. Breast tenderness and breast augmentation.
  3. Changes in libido.
  4. Mood change.
  5. Headaches and migraines.
  6. Nausea or vomiting.
  7. Cysts (small bags filled with fluid) in the ovaries (usually harmless and go away without treatment).
  8. Learn more about the mini-card, including its risks, and who can take it on the NHS.

Preservatives for men:

Male condoms are an obstacle to contraception and have the added benefit of protection against retention and pregnancy.
Condoms, usually made of latex or polyurethane, are placed on the penis before sex. 

Condoms are as of now greased up, however, you can include extra ointment or oil. This not only makes them easier to use but also reduces the risk of condom cleats, which poses a particular risk during sex.
It is about 85% effective.

Benefits of male condoms:

With proper and consistent use, condoms are a reliable way to prevent pregnancy.
Protect both ITS PARTNERS.
You only need to use them if you have sex so you don't have to prepare in advance.
There are usually no medical side effects of condom use.

Inconveniences of male condoms: 

A few people discover condoms that intrude on sex. 
Condoms can be broken or torn if not utilized appropriately. 
A few people might be sensitive to latex, plastic, or spermicides: they may have condoms that are more averse to cause a hypersensitive response.
A male condom should be used properly to be effective - the man must remove his penis from the vagina after ejaculation and before the penis is soft, while the condom is firmly in place.

Female preservative:

Female condoms are made of thin, soft plastic (polyurethane). They are used in the vagina and prevent sperm from reaching the uterus.
 One ring holds the condom behind the pubic bones, the other hangs on the vagina.
They can be effective for up to 95%.

Benefits of Female Condoms:

With proper and consistent use, condoms are a reliable way to prevent pregnancy.
Protection against many diseases in the season, including HIV
You only need to use them if you have sex, so you don't have to prepare in advance.
There are usually no medical side effects from the use of condoms
It can be inserted up to eight hours before sex.
Any type of lubricant can be used with female polyurethane condoms, unlike most male condoms.

Disadvantages of condoms in women:

If the female condom is not introduced in advance, some people find that it can interrupt sex.
It can tear or tear if it is not used properly.

Cervical cover:

One type of birth control is the neck cap. This is a strategy for contraception for ladies and includes embeddings a delicate silicone top into the vagina and adjusting to the cervix to keep sperm from infiltrating.

It should be used in combination with spermicide (a substance that destroys sperm) and left in place for at least six hours after sex to ensure it is effective. 
The cervical cap is about 88% effective.

Advantages of a neck cap:

You only need to use it if you want to have sex
You can use it at any time before sex (you need extra spermicide if you have it for more than three hours)
There are no serious health risks.

Disadvantages of a cervical cap:

This is not the most effective form of contraception.
It does not fully protect against STS.
It may take some time to learn how to wear a cap.
The insertion of cork can interrupt the sex.
Some women suffer from cystitis (bladder infection)
Spermicide can cause irritation in some women and their sexual partners.

Membrane:

The diaphragm is a similar type of contraceptive to the neck hood, but is dome-shaped and placed on the cervix instead of fitting the cervix like the hood. It is made of rubber and has a ring around the edge to help you keep your place on the vaginal wall.
That's about 84%.

Membrane Advantages:

You only need to use a diaphragm if you want to have sex
You can get before sex (use extra spermicide if you have it for more than three hours).
There are no serious health risks or side effects.

Against the diaphragm:


  1. It's not as effective as other types of birth control.
  2. It does not fully protect against STS.
  3. It may take some time to learn how to use it.
  4. If you put it on, it can interrupt sex.
  5. Some women suffer from cystitis (bladder infection) when using a diaphragm.
  6. Latex and spermicide can cause irritation.

Contraceptive implant:

Contraception is a form of long-acting contraception. This is a small rod that is inserted into the arm by a doctor.
It works by slowly releasing the hormone progestin, which prevents the body from releasing an egg and also thickens uterine mucus and dilutes the lining of the uterus. This makes it difficult for sperm to pass through the cervix and reduces the chance of the uterus having a fertilized egg.
This is approximately 99% effective.

Benefits of contraceptive implantation:


  1. It works for three years.
  2. It doesn't interrupt sex.
  3. It's appropriate if you can't use estrogen-based contraceptives, such as the combined birth control pill.
  4. Ripeness should come back to typical when the embed is evacuated.

Tips for contraceptive implantation:

It can significantly change your period, some women find that they do not have to bleed, but about 50% will have rare bleeding, while others will have irregular periods.
Rarely, the skin around the implant may be infected after insertion - this may need to be treated with antibiotics
It has other side effects, including:


  1. Migraine
  2. Acne
  3. Nausea
  4. Breast sensitivity
  5. Mood change
  6. Loss of libido

Contraceptive injection:

The contraceptive injection is another type of long-acting contraception. This is an injection of hormones every 8-13 weeks.
Prevents pregnancy by preventing you from releasing an egg, thickening uterine mucus, and diluting the lining of the uterus.
This is about 97% effective.

Benefits of contraceptive injection:

Injections take 8, 12, or 13 weeks, depending on the type.
No need to think about taking a pill every day.
It is safe to use during breast-feeding.
Not affected by other medicines.
It can cause severe and painful periods and Symptoms for some women.
Reduces the risk of pelvic inflammatory diseases and can also provide protection against uterine cancer.

Tips for injecting contraceptives:

It can affect your period - they can become irregular and heavier, or shorter and lighter, or stop completely.
It may take some time for periods and natural fertility to return after the injection is over.
May cause weight gain.

It can also cause:


  1. Migraine.
  2. Acne.
  3. Breast sensitivity.
  4. Mood change.
  5. Loss of libido.
  6. Learn more about birth control injection, including risk, at the NHS.

Contraceptive patches:

The birth control patch is a patch that binds to the skin every week and releases estrogen and progesterone. They wear the patch for three weeks and then remove it during the fourth week. During the fourth week, you will receive withdrawal bleeding.

It has the same hormones as the combined pill, and it works the same way. Prevents ovulation, thickens uterine mucus, and dilutes the lining of the uterus.
This is approximately 92% effective.

Benefits of contraception:

With proper use and even, it can be up to 99% effective.
You only have to think about it once a week, unlike the pill you need to remember every day.
Hormones in the birth control patch are not absorbed by the stomach, so it's just as effective if you have vomiting or diarrhea
It can make the period more regular, lighter and less painful.
It can help with pre-educational symptoms.
May reduce the risk of ovarian, uterine and bowel cancer
It can reduce the risk of fibroids, ovarian cysts, and noncancerous breast disease.

Tips for anti-ceptional patches:

You may not like it to be visible.
May irritate the skin.
It doesn't protect you from ISPs.
May cause mild transient side effects, such as headache, nausea (illness), chest tenderness, and mood swings.
Bleeding can occur between periods (bleeding fracture) and stains(very mild and irregular bleeding) in the first cycles of using the patch.
A few drugs may make the fix less powerful - converse with your primary care physician or drug specialist in the event that you are taking another medicine because you may need to use another form of contraception while you are taking it and up to 28 days later.
Learn more about birth control, how to take the risks, who can use it, and where to get it on the NHS.

Vagina Ring:

The vagina ring is a small rubber ring that is placed in the vagina over a period of three weeks. During this time, it establishes low doses of estrogen and progesterone. 

In the fourth week, it is necessary to remove the ring for a week. During this time, withdrawal bleeding will occur.
It's approximately 91% effective.

Benefits of the vagina ring:

Don't interrupt sex.
It's easy to put them on and take them off.
You don't have to think about it every day.
It is always effective even if you have vomiting or diarrhea.
May help with premenstrual symptoms.
Wearing hemorrhages tend to be lighter, more regular, and less painful.
May reduce the risk of ovarian, uterine, and colorectal cancer.
It can reduce the risk of fibroids, ovarian cysts, and noncancerous breast disease.

Against the vagina ring:

It may not be appropriate if you are not comfortable inserting or removing it from your vagina.
You may have spots and bleeding while the ring is in your vagina during the first few months of use.
It does not protect against STS.

It can cause transient side effects, including:


  1. Increased vaginal discharge.
  2. Migraine.
  3. Nausea.
  4. Chest sensitivity.
  5. Change the mood.
  6. As with most types of birth control, there are some risks that you can learn more about the NHS.

IUD (intrauterine device, coil):

In most cases, it releases copper and can prevent pregnancy for 5 to 10 years.

Copper affects fluids in the tubes of the uterus and fallopian tubes that prevent sperm from surviving there. IUDs can also prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus.

This is approximately 99% effective.

Benefits of IUD:


  1. An IUD is suitable for most women.
  2. After installation, it works immediately and can take up to 10 years (depending on the type).
  3. It doesn't interrupt sex.
  4. It can be used during breastfeeding.
  5. It is not affected by other drugs.

Disadvantages of IUD:


  1. Periods can become heavier, longer, or more painful.
  2. It does not protect against the STS.

IUS (intrauterine system):

An intrauterine system (IUS) - also known as hormonal IUD - is a small T-shaped device that releases hormonal progesterone. This leads to a thickening of the uterine mucus, which prevents the sperm from reaching the egg.

It also makes the lining of the uterus thin, so it is less likely to accept a fertilized egg. Occasionally, an IUS can prevent the ovaries from letting go of an egg. It can take 3 to 5 years, depending on the type of IUS device you are using.
This is about 99% effective.

Benefits of IUS:


  1. It works for up to five years.
  2. It is one of the most effective contraceptive forms.
  3. It doesn't interrupt sex.
  4. It makes your period much lighter and shorter.
  5. It can be used during breastfeeding.
  6. It is not affected by other drugs.
  7. This is a good option if you can't take the hormone estrogen.
  8. Their fertility will return to normal when the IUS is removed.

Disadvantages of the IUS:

You can modify rules, make them more irregular, and in some cases stop them completely.
In the first 6 months after the installation of the IUS, bleeding and irregular stains can occur.
It can cause headaches, acne, and chest tenderness.
It does not protect against the STS.
Sometimes it causes vaginal bleeding and pain.

It can cause hormonal problems, but it is rare.

female cleansing: 

Female cleansing is a changeless type of contraception. It's about blocking opium tubes to prevent eggs from reaching sperm. Eggs are still released but are naturally absorbed back into the body.

 The first is to block the opium tubes with plastic or titanium clips. The second method is to join or cut the pipe that destroys 3-4 cm of pipe.

In cases where the fallopian tubes have not been blocked successfully, the tubes can be removed completely.
It's more than 99% effective.

Advantages of female sterilization:


  1. It is one of the most effective ways to prevent pregnancy.
  2. It's usually effective immediately, but doctors advise you to wait until you have a while.
  3. It usually doesn't affect your long-term sexual health.
  4. It doesn't affect your sex drive.
  5. It doesn't bother sex.
  6. It won't affect hormone levels.

Disadvantages of female sterilization:

It doesn't protect you from STS.
It's hard to turn around.
Read more about planting women at the NHS.
Vasectomy.
A vasectomy is a male form of contraception and is usually a permanent form of contraception. These are the tubes that pass through sperm to be blocked or cut.
It's 99% effective.

benefits of a vasectomy: 


  1. There are rarely long-term effects on your health.
  2. It does not affect hormone levels or sexual desire.
  3. It doesn't bother sex.
  4. It is a safer and more reliable alternative to female sterilization.

Disadvantages of a vasectomy:


  1. It does not protect against STS.
  2. It's hard to turn around.
  3. It's not immediately effective.
  4. Complications may occur.

Natural family planning (fertility awareness):

A specialized teacher will help you record various signs of fertility, such as body temperature and cervical secretions (liquid or mucus), that will help you identify when sex is safest.
It is approximately 75% effective when used in real terms.

Benefits of natural family planning:


  1. Include your partner in the process.
  2. There are no side effects.
  3. Natural family planning is acceptable to almost all religions and cultures.
  4. These are not chemical or physical products.
  5. It can help you detect normal and abnormal vaginal secretions that help you identify infections.

Disadvantages of natural family planning:


  1. It does not protect against STS.
  2. It is necessary to avoid sex or use contraception such as condoms during the time you might become pregnant.
  3. It is much less effective than other birth control methods.
  4. It requires continued commitment and collaboration on your part and your partner."
  5. It may take some time to learn to identify if you are fertile.
  6. You must keep daily records of fertility signs.
  7. Not an appropriate method if you have persistent irregular periods.
  8. Factors such as stress, illness, travel, lifestyle, and the use of hormone treatments can alter signs of fertility.
  9. You can't learn from a book, it requires a specialized teacher.
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